Meck

A mocking library for Erlang

meck

A mocking library for Erlang.

Introduction

With meck you can easily mock modules in Erlang. You can also perform some basic validations on the mocked modules, such as making sure no unexpected exceptions occurred or looking at the call history.

Features

Examples

Here's an example of using meck in the Erlang shell:

Eshell V5.8.4  (abort with ^G)
1> meck:new(dog).
ok
2> meck:expect(dog, bark, fun() -> "Woof!" end).
ok
3> dog:bark().
"Woof!"
4> meck:validate(dog).
true
5> meck:unload(dog).
ok
6> dog:bark().
** exception error: undefined function dog:bark/0

Exceptions can be anticipated by meck (resulting in validation still passing). This is intended to be used to test code that can and should handle certain exceptions indeed does take care of them:

5> meck:expect(dog, meow, fun() -> meck:exception(error, not_a_cat) end).
ok
6> catch dog:meow().
{'EXIT',{not_a_cat,[{meck,exception,2},
                    {meck,exec,4},
                    {dog,meow,[]},
                    {erl_eval,do_apply,5},
                    {erl_eval,expr,5},
                    {shell,exprs,6},
                    {shell,eval_exprs,6},
                    {shell,eval_loop,3}]}}
7> meck:validate(dog).
true

Normal Erlang exceptions result in a failed validation. The following example is just to demonstrate the behavior, in real test code the exception would normally come from the code under test (which should, if not expected, invalidate the mocked module):

8> meck:expect(dog, jump, fun(Height) when Height > 3 ->
                                  erlang:error(too_high);
                             (Height) ->
                                  ok
                          end).
ok
9> dog:jump(2).
ok
10> catch dog:jump(5).
{'EXIT',{too_high,[{meck,exec,4},
                   {dog,jump,[5]},
                   {erl_eval,do_apply,5},
                   {erl_eval,expr,5},
                   {shell,exprs,6},
                   {shell,eval_exprs,6},
                   {shell,eval_loop,3}]}}
11> meck:validate(dog).
false

Here's an example of using meck inside an EUnit test case:

my_test() ->
    meck:new(my_library_module),
    meck:expect(my_library_module, fib, fun(8) -> 21 end),
    ?assertEqual(21, code_under_test:run(fib, 8)), % Uses my_library_module
    ?assert(meck:validate(my_library_module)),
    meck:unload(my_library_module).

Pass-through is used when the original functionality of a module should be kept. When the option passthrough is used when calling new/2 all functions in the original module will be kept in the mock. These can later be overridden by calling expect/3 or expect/4.

Eshell V5.8.4  (abort with ^G)
1> meck:new(string, [unstick, passthrough]).
ok
2> string:strip("  test  ").
"test"

It's also possible to pass calls to the original function allowing us to override only a certain behavior of a function (this usage is compatible with the passthrough option). passthrough/1 will always call the original function with the same name as the expect is defined in):

Eshell V5.8.4  (abort with ^G)
1> meck:new(string, [unstick]).
ok
2> meck:expect(string, strip, fun(String) -> meck:passthrough([String]) end).
ok
3> string:strip("  test  ").
"test"
4> meck:unload(string).
ok
5> string:strip("  test  ").
"test"

Build

Build Status

meck requires rebar to build. To build meck, go to the meck directory and simply type:

rebar compile

To make sure meck works on your platform, run the tests:

rebar eunit

Two things might seem alarming when running the tests:

  1. Warnings emitted by cover
  2. En exception printed by SASL

Both are expected due to the way Erlang currently prints errors. The important line you should look for is All XX tests passed, if that appears all is correct.

Install

To install meck permanently, use of Agner is recommended:

agner install meck

If you want to install your own built version of meck add the ebin directory to your Erlang code path or move the meck folder into your release folder and make sure that folder is in your ERL_LIBS environment variable.

Contribute

Patches are greatly appreciated!

Should you find yourself using meck and have issues, comments or feedback please create an issue here on GitHub.